On 27 April, rescue workers and residents search for people in need of assistance in the historic Durbar Square in Kathmandu, the capital, following the massive earthquake. A flock of birds flies past, against the backdrop of a bright, cloudy sky. The Kathmandu Durbar Square (the plaza in front of the royal palace of the old Kathmandu Kingdom) has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).On 29 April 2015 in Nepal, search, rescue and relief operations continue in the aftermath of the massive 7.8-magnitude earthquake that hit the country on 25 April. The quake’s epicentre was 80 kilometres from Kathmandu, the capital. Nearly 5,000 people have been killed, more than 9,700 others have been injured, and more than 8 million people have been affected. In the areas hardest hit by the disaster, about 1.7 million children urgently need humanitarian aid. Residences, schools and vital infrastructure, including hospitals, have been severely damaged or destroyed, leaving thousands of children and families homeless, vulnerable to disease outbreaks and in urgent need of food, shelter, safe water and sanitation, and health support. Over 1.4 million people are in need of food assistance. Tens of thousands of displaced people are sheltering in camps or in available open spaces. The situation has been exacerbated by continuing powerful aftershocks that have caused additional damage. Working with the Government and other partners, including fellow United Nations organizations, UNICEF is supporting water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, nutrition, child protection, education and other interventions. In response to the disaster, UNICEF is providing tents, including for hospitals; tarpaulin sheeting; emergency medical kits; vaccines and related supplies; zinc and oral rehydration salts to prevent diarrhoeal disease outbreaks; water purification tablets; hygiene kits and buckets; and temporary learning spaces and psychosocial counselling for children. UNICEF is also supporting efforts to identify and assist children who have become separated from their families, and is procuring emergency health kits and supporting water tankering to provide clean water in informal camps for the displaced. UNICEF is requesting US $50.4 million as part of a US $415 million inter-agency Flash Appeal for Nepal, to provide vital humanitarian assistance for affected children and families over the next three months.